Common Eye Conditions
Myopia: What You Need To Know
Near-sightedness, short-sightedness, or Myopia is a refractive error (an eye condition) that affects your vision. You might see objects near to you perfectly. However, when you struggle with Myopia, you see distant objects in fuzzy and blurry images. This is the core definition of Myopia.
According to Optometry Australia, roughly 6.3 million Australian suffers from Myopia. However, it does not entail that everyone suffers from short-sightedness for long periods. Except for chronic Myopia, it is highly curable. This means that distant light rays from the faraway object do not refract properly inside your eye and onto your retina, causing a blurry image.
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What is Myopia or Near Sightedness? – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options
People can suffer from Myopia due to varying causes. Furthermore, you should take a look at the list below to understand why people suffer from Myopia:
- During the age of 8 to 12 years, the eyes are developing. Therefore, extreme participation in near-sighted working or playing can cause children’s eyes to focus less on distant objects.
- Genetics is a recurring reason people suffer from Myopia (long eyeballs or other eye-related diseases that are passed down the hereditary line)
- “Near focus” work, for example, staying intensely close to a computer or a mobile screen (LCDs, etc.)
- Diabetes, which can result in eye problems
- Staying indoors more than necessary
Symptoms of Myopia are easy to detect. Your child might tell you that he or she cannot look at the blackboard. In your case, you may experience blurry vision when looking at distant objects.
- Blurry vision when looking at distant objects
- Difficult vision when driving at night ( e.g., inability to read road signs)
- Fatigue after prolonged eye activity
Treatment options have the function of correcting vision. A few treatment options for Myopia are as follows.
By compensating for your eyeball's curvature and its components, corrective lenses allow adequate refraction of light onto the retina to form a clear image. These prominently include eyeglasses and contact lenses.
A laser surgery procedure reshapes your cornea to fix the refractive error in your eyes. Hence, there is no need to continue using contact lenses or eyeglasses.
Corneal Refractive Therapy
It involves wearing an Ortho-K lens to correct refractive errors. However, they only enable corrective vision while you keep them on. Hence, they do not offer a permanent solution.
You have to make an appointment with an optometrist when you experience difficulty seeing things from a distance. Consult an optometrist immediately upon experiencing any of the conditions below:
- Light flashes in eyes
- Floaters in vision (suddenly and frequently)
- Dark spots in vision
Often, retinal detachment, which requires proper medical examination and treatment, may occur.
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