Common Eye Conditions
Dry Eyes Syndrome: What You Need To Know
Dry eye syndrome occurs due to the lack of lubrication in one or both eyes, which prevents smooth movement of eyeballs in the sockets. This syndrome suggests that your tear glands are unable to produce enough tears to lubricate the surface of the eye.
Moreover, the inability of your eye to maintain the coat of different layers on the eyeball can also lead to dryness. Approximately 20% of the Australian adult population suffer from dry eyes. Research suggests that up to 48% of office workers could experience dry eyes, due to their long exposure to air-conditioning and computer screens.
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Dry Eyes Syndrome- Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
Poor quality of tears or low production of tears is one reason you might be struggling with dry eye syndrome. The glands responsible for producing tears, mucus, and oil in the layers of the eyeball may inflame or become dysfunctional, leading to dry eye syndrome. Other causes
- Environmental conditions; dry, windy, dusty climate might cause rapid evaporation of tears, leading to dry eyes.
- Computer and Mobile Screens; staring for too long and infrequent blinking can cause dry eyes.
- Hormone replacement therapies
- Eye surgeries
- Contact lenses (wearing for long periods)
- Medications (for example, birth control pills)
It is essential to mention that in chronic dry eye syndrome, your eyes will feel heavy and extremely dry. Various symptoms help detect the manifestation of dry eye syndrome.
- Contact lenses cause discomfort
- Irritation in the eye
- Redness in the eye
- Sore and rash eyelids
- Light sensitivity
- Itching or burning sensation in the eye
- String-like mucus secretion through the eye
- Cloudy vision
- excessive tears in the eyes at once
It is not possible to completely cure dry eyes. However, adequate management and prescription drugs can help control dry eye syndrome effectively.
- Over-the-counter drops; eye drops are very common for treating dry eyes. These artificial tears generating eye drops can help you maintain moisture in your eyes throughout the day.
- Surgery; surgery is feasible to manage any loose eyelids that cause tears to run out more than necessary, which can cause dryness.
- Ointments; certain ointments can help alleviate dry eyes syndrome. If you struggle with dry eyes, applying ointments overnight effect can provide sufficient lubrication for your eyes.
- Tear Duct plugs; your doctor might suggest using punctual plugs. These plugs prevent the unnecessary outflow of tears from your eyes.
Furthermore, you can incorporate some lifestyle changes to help overcome the dry eye condition.
- Avoid staying out in dry or dusty climates for longer periods
- Maintain a healthy intake of water
- Avoid smoking and staying in air-conditioned spaces
- Get sufficient sleep
- Take breaks during screen time (at work, home, etc.)
Early detection of most health conditions enables speedy and prompt recovery. It is only when the condition is left untreated for so long that recovery seems improbable. Therefore, if you experience any of the symptoms above or more than a few causes that can lead to dry eyes syndrome, consider getting professional medical care.
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